JELLY DONUTS

JELLY DONUTS slightly adapted from Home Remedies

2 3/4 cups flour – 350g flour
5.07 ounces – 15 cl lukewarm milk
2 LARGE eggs
1 packet dehydrated baker’s yeast
1/3 cup – (25 grams sugar) + a little to decorate
Pinch of salt
grated lemon zest
1 3/4 tablespoons (25 grams) softened butter
frying oil
powdered sugar

lemon curd *or your favorite flavor
sour cherry jam *or your favorite flavor

  • In the bowl of a mini food processor with a dough hook (or in a LARGE bowl if doing it by hand), sift together the flour, yeast, sugar, salt and grated lemon zest.
  • Add the lukewarm milk and knead just to combine.
  • Add the whole beaten eggs and mix again to obtain a homogeneous paste.
  • Add the butter cut into pieces and knead for at least 5 minutes until the dough is very elastic.
  • Cover dough with clean tea towel & let rise in a warm place about at least 2 hours. (SEE NOTE)

 

  • Flatten dough by hand & knead for another minute to remove bubbles.
  • Roll out the pastry on a lightly floured work surface to 1/4 inch – 5mm thickness.
  • Cut out circles with a 2 inch (5 cm) cookie cutter diameter and place them on a floured board, cover with the tea towel and leave to rise for another 45 minutes. (SEE NOTE)

 

  • Heat the oil in a fryer and when it is very hot try it with a single donut first, it should not color too quickly and will be completely cooked in 2-3 minutes. They should be blonde. When you have found the right temperature you can dip several donuts at the same time.
  • Immediately dredge them in powdered sugar.
    Let them cool down on a paper towel.
    Fill them with jam using a pastry bag.
    Enjoy!

NOTE: I recently found a WONDERFUL trick for rising dough in the winter. Use a heating pad on LOW under your bowl or tray and everything will rise PERFECTLY!!

PINEAPPLE PEACH BREAD PUDDING

PINEAPPLE PEACH BREAD PUDDING is a summer dessert that’s bursting with pineapple and peach flavor, but can be easily converted to just about any flavor you want for any time of the year! Small wild blueberries are a winter favorite. 

😀 You can serve it with or without caramel sauce and ice cream 😀

8 cups bread, cubed
3 LARGE eggs
3 tablespoons melted butter
1 cup pineapple yogurt
1 cup WHOLE milk
2 cups Sugar
1 SMALL can pineapple, WELL drained

1 1/2 cups FRESH peaches, peeled, pitted and diced *(see note)
½ cups chopped pecans
1 teaspoon QUALITY cinnamon

  • Preheat oven to 350°.
  • Spray a 9×13 baking dish with cooking spray.
  • In a large bowl beat 3 eggs, add melted butter, yogurt and milk. Add 2 cups sugar slowly, stirring until it is dissolved. Add peaches and bread, mixing well.
  • Allow mixture to soak into bread 30 minutes.
  • In a small bowl, stir together 2 Tbsp sugar and 1 tsp cinnamon.
  • Pour the bread mixture into 9×13 baking dish, and sprinkle with cinnamon sugar mixture. Cover loosely with buttered foil and Bake for 20 minutes.
  • Remove the foil, sprinkle with the pecans and bake until the top is golden and the center is set, 20 to 25 minutes longer.

CARAMEL SAUCE
1 cup unsalted butter
1 cup heavy cream
1 cup brown sugar

  • In a heavy saucepan over medium-low heat, stir together the butter, heavy cream, and brown sugar, bring to a boil.
  • Reduce heat to low, simmer until the sauce thickens, for about 5 minutes.
  • Pour over individual bread pudding servings.
  • Top with vanilla ice cream.

NOTE: You can use canned peaches or even frozen peaches. If using canned peaches be sure to drain them EXTRA well. If I use these I start the draining the night before and just cover them in the fridge over night. If using frozen, thaw them overnight and the drain well.

ORANGE RASPBERRY BUTTER CAKE

ORANGE RASPBERRY BUTTER CAKE Yield 2 9inch layers, 12-16 serving(s)
1 cup butter, softened
1 1/2 cups sugar
3 LARGE eggs
3 LARGE egg yolks
1 tablespoon PURE vanilla
3 1/4 cups cake flour
1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder
1/4 teaspoon salt
1 cup WHOLE milk
1/4 cup orange liqueur (raspberry liqueur or rum also work well)

  • Preheat oven to 350°.
  • Butter and flour two 9-inch round cake pans.
  • In mixer bowl, on medium-high speed, beat butter and sugar 4-5 minutes until fluffy.
  • Add eggs, then yolks, one a time, beating well after each, scraping sides of bowl occasionally.
  • Beat in vanilla.
  • In another bowl, sift together flour, baking powder and salt.
  • Mix in about a third of flour mixture into butter mixture.
  • Stir in half the milk and liqueur, just until blended.
  • Stir in another third of flour mixture,.
  • Add the remaining milk and liqueur and then the rest of the flour mixture.
  • Spread batter equally into the cake pans.
  • Bake 25-30 minutes until toothpick inserted in the center comes out clean.
  • Cool on racks in pans for 10 minutes, then invert cakes onto racks and remove pans.
  • Cool completely before frosting.

NOTE: This cake is good with or without frosting or glaze.

APPLE PIE STREUSEL MUFFINS

APPLE PIE STREUSEL MUFFINS adapted from OMG CHOCOLATE DESERTS I made this batch using a Texas size muffin pan, but find they are better as regular size because they are so rich and filling.

CINNAMON STREUSEL TOPPING
1 cup all-purpose flour
¼ cup granulated sugar
¼ cup light brown sugar
6 tablespoons unsalted butter, melted and cooled slightly
1 teaspoon QUALITY cinnamon

  • In a small bowl, whisk together flour, sugar, brown sugar and cinnamon, add melted butter and stir with a fork until crumbly and set in the fridge until ready to use.

MUFFINS
2 cup all purpose flour
3 teaspoons baking powder
½ teaspoon salt
¼ teaspoon ground nutmeg
1 1/2 teaspoons QUALITY ground cinnamon
2 LARGE eggs
1 cup granulated sugar
1 cup vanilla Greek yogurt
1/2 cup vegetable oil
1 teaspoon PURE vanilla extract
1 ½ cups COMSTOCK apple pie filling, chopped small

  • Preheat the oven to 400°.
  • Line standard muffin pan with paper liners and set aside.
  • Prepare streusel topping and set aside.
  • In a large bowl stir together flour, baking powder, salt, cinnamon and nutmeg, then set aside.
  • In a medium bowl, whisk together eggs and granulated sugar until combined.
  • Whisk in yogurt, oil, and vanilla extract – mixture should be a pale yellow.
  • Fold wet ingredients into dry ingredients and mix everything together by hand. The batter will be quite thick.
  • Spoon batter into prepared muffin tins, filling less than two thirds.
  • Tap the pan onto working surface to remove air bubbles.
  • Add a heaping tablespoon of chopped apple pie filling on top of batter and gently press the apples into the batter.
  • Reduce the heat to 375° and place pan in center of shelf.
  • Bake about 19-22 minutes or until the toothpick inserted in the center comes out clean.
  • Cool for 5 minutes in the pan then remove muffins and cool on a wire rack.

Honestly these are great without the glaze, but they are phenomenal with the glaze.

GLAZE
1 cup powdered sugar
1–2 Tablespoons milk

  • Stir together powdered sugar and milk. If it’s too thin add more powdered sugar, if it’s too thick add more milk.
  • Drizzle glaze over cooled muffins.

NO KNEAD BREAD

This is a SUPER easy to use with other meats and/or make sweet instead of savory. Thanks Molly! 😀

NO KNEAD BREAD

Level: Easy Active: 30 min Yield: 6 servings
Total: 16 hr 50 min (includes overnight rising and cooling time)

3 cups (400 grams) bread flour, plus more for dusting
2 teaspoons kosher salt 
1/2 teaspoon instant yeast 
1 1/3 cups (320 grams) water 
8 ounces Genoa salami, diced into 1/4-inch pieces 
1/4 cup finely chopped fresh chives 
Butter, for serving, if desired 

  • In a large bowl, whisk together the flour, salt and yeast.
  • Add the water and stir with a stiff silicone spatula until combined and there are no longer bits of flour, 20 to 30 seconds. (It will be very sticky.)
  • Cover with saran and let sit on the counter at room temperature overnight, 12 to 18 hours.

 

  • Remove saran. It will have a funky, fermented aroma and bubbles.
  • Sprinkle one-third of the salami and chives over the top.
  • Using a rubber spatula, fold the outside of the dough over the salami to cover.
  • Repeat this process two more times until all of the salami and chives are folded in.

 

  • Lay a piece of parchment paper on the counter and sprinkle with an even layer of 1/4 cup flour to cover the surface.
  • Scrape the dough onto the floured parchment and use heavily-floured hands to shape it into a roundish blob.
  • Press in any exposed salami bits and pinch the dough to seal.
  • Sprinkle the top with another layer of flour and cover with a piece of saran.
  • Let sit until the dough has risen by half, 1 1/2 to 2 hours.

 

  • Place an oven rack in the lower third of the oven and preheat to 450°.
  • Place a 3-4 quart lidded Dutch oven on the rack and allow to heat while the oven reaches the desired temperature.

 

  • When the dough has proofed, carefully remove the Dutch oven from the oven and remove the lid.
  • Remove the saran from the bread and using the corners of the parchment lower the bread dough into the Dutch oven parchment and all.
  • Cover the Dutch oven and bake for 30 minutes.
  • Remove the lid, then bake until the top is golden brown and crusty, another 10 to 20 minutes.
  • Let it cool on a rack for about an hour, then slice and serve with butter if desired.

OLD FASHIONED GINGERBREAD

I remembered a target commercial from a few decades ago that featured Betty White making Gingerbread men so thought this was a good day for this recipe in honor of her would be 100th birthday. I even found a youtube of the old commercial.

I have been trying to recreate my grandmother’s gingerbread recipe for years. Unfortunately, it doesn’t seem to have been written down anywhere and she is no longer with us so I cannot even try to coax it out of her 🙁

Her recipe was super moist, spicy with complex flavors. Each time I try a new recipe that sounds like it might come close I am sorely disappointed time after time. And then I ran across Jane’s recipe from The Heritage Cook. It didn’t sound right, but it sure looked right! So, I decided to give it a try and WHOA with a couple tweaks it’s so darn close that I’m calling it a day on my search.

It was the black pepper that didn’t sound right, but who am I to say that grams didn’t use black pepper? I know she didn’t use fresh ginger, but she may have compensated with a much larger amount of ground ginger.

This REALLY is NOT a timid gingerbread. It is EXTREMELY bold and FULL of bold flavor. This is really NOT like most gingerbread that you remember, but is spicy, bold and flavorful. The taste will linger on your tongue and that’s a good thing. This recipe is PERFECT for the holidays, but truly wonderful year round.

OLD FASHIONED GINGERBREAD – YIELDS 10-12 MUFFINS
ADAPTED slightly FROM JANE the HERITAGE COOK
1 cup unsalted butter
½ cup water
¾ cup mild unsulphured molasses (NOT Blackstrap)
¾ cup Lyle’s Golden Syrup  or QUALITY flavorful honey or Agave Nectar (see note)
1 cup PACKED dark brown sugar
3 cups all purpose flour
2 teaspoons baking soda
½ teaspoon salt
2 ½ teaspoon ground ginger
1 ½ teaspoon QUALITY ground cinnamon
½ teaspoon allspice
¼ teaspoon ground cloves
¼ teaspoon ground black pepper
3 LARGE eggs, at room temperature
½ cup WHOLE milk
2 packed tablespoons FRESH peeled and grated ginger

  • Combine the butter, water, molasses, honey and brown sugar in a medium saucepan over low heat stirring frequently until the butter is melted and the ingredients are smoothly incorporated. Remove from the heat and pour into a large aluminum bowl as an aluminum bowl will cool much quicker than those made of other materials.
  • Set aside and cool to lukewarm. If you are in a hurry you can cool down the bowl by placing it in a cool water bath.
  • Preheat the oven to 350°.
  • Lightly grease a muffin tin and set aside. Bundt and loaf pans also work well with this recipe.
  • In a medium bowl, sift together the flour, baking soda, salt, ground ginger, cinnamon, allspice and cloves.
  • When the molasses mixture has cooled to lukewarm, add the eggs, one at a time, beating well after each addition.
  • Add the milk and stir to combine.
  • With a wooden spoon fold in the dry ingredients gradually. Gingerbread is like brownies, you don’t want to over mix it.
  • Stir in the grated ginger.
  • Pour the batter into the prepared tin and bake in the center of the oven for 45 minutes – 1 hour, or until the tops of the muffins spring back when touched and a cake tester inserted into the center comes out clean. If making a bundt or loaf pan bake time will be 1 – 1 1/4 hours. If the top is browning too quickly, tent with a piece of foil.
  • Cool for 10-20 minutes in the pan set on a wire rack, then invert onto the wire rack and cool completely.
  • Store in the refrigerator to keep it fresh. Bring to to room temperature before serving.
  • Serve with a dollop of lightly sweetened whipped cream if desired. A dollop of whipped cream will temper the spiciness a lot.

TIPS & HINTS

  • Lyle’s Golden Syrup has a delicate butterscotch flavor and it allows the other flavors to shine through. It is a byproduct of refining sugar cane and you can use it in place of corn syrup, maple syrup, or honey. A company that follows fair trade practices and has a low carbon footprint, Lyles has created a product to be proud of.
  • There are several types of molasses available on the market and using one over another can drastically change the flavor of your baked goods. Unsulphured molasses is the highest quality, made from sun-ripened sugar cane and is from the first boiling in sugar processing while sulphured molasses is made from unripe sugar cane, treated with sulphur fumes, and is from the second boiling. It has a darker color and stronger flavor. The strongest form is called Blackstrap and is the most bitter. Whenever a recipe calls for a specific type of molasses, the balance will be off if you use a different kind.

On a side note Betty White was a fabulous dancer and while I believe she had a stunt double for parts of the season 3 dance scene that starts around the 5 minute mark in this clip, I do remember hearing that she still danced several hours a day well into her 60’s.

MELT IN YOUR MOUTH BANANA BREAD

I’ve been making this moist and flavorful banana bread, or at least my version of it since college. I found the original recipe in the Village Voice and adapted it to my liking 😀 It’s been in our family cookbook and a friend uses it for her family holidays and when making boxes to send to the troops overseas. I gave her a copy of the family cookbook and she loved it. When she posted that on Facebook, it melted my heart to see her copy of the recipe all banana bread splattered and well used!

MELT IN YOUR MOUTH BANANA BREAD or SNACK CAKE
1 cup packed brown sugar
1 cup butter, DIVIDED
2 JUMBO eggs
2 tablespoons cinnamon
1/2 cup golden raisins, currants or craisins
1/4 cup coconut flavored rum

1/2 cup crushed walnuts
2 LARGE, RIPE bananas
1/2 cup sugar
2 cups all purpose flour
1 teaspoon baking powder
1/2 teaspoon baking soda

  • Place the raisins in a small bowl and cover with rum. Set aside to soak for 10 minutes and then drain WELL.
  • Combine 1 stick of the butter, brown sugar and bananas in a sauce pan cooking until smooth and sugar is dissolved.
  • Add nuts and raisins.
  • Stir until well coated & set aside to cool.
  • Cream softened butter, sugar and eggs until fluffy.
  • Sift together flour, baking powder, baking soda and cinnamon.
  • Add this to the creamed mixture gradually until well blended.
  • Add cooled banana mixture.
  • Pour into greased and floured pan(s)*
  • Bake at 350° for 45+ minutes.

*NOTE:* This recipe will make 2 large loaves or 1 snack cake or 18 muffins…

FROSTING (optional) – use this if you want to turn it into a snack cake.
8 ounces cream cheese, softened
1/4 cup butter, softened
juice of 1 SMALL lemon
1 teaspoons PURE vanilla extract
1 1/2 cups powdered sugar

  • In a medium bowl beat cream cheese and butter until smooth.
  • Add lemon juice and vanilla. Beat until blended.
  • Add powdered sugar gradually until well blended and smooth.
  • Refrigerate 1 hour to set icing before serving.

HONEY BEER BREAD

HONEY BEER BREAD
3 cups self-rising flour
1/2 teaspoon salt
12 ounce beer (I like a Michelob AmberBock)
1/4 cup QUALITY honey
2 + 2 tablespoons butter

  • Preheat oven to 350°.
  • Melt 2 tablespoons butter in loaf pan and brush up the sides to coat.
  • In a mixing bowl stir together the flour, salt, beer and honey until combined.
  • Spread dough over melted butter evenly.
  • Melt remaining butter.
  • Drizzle remaining butter over the dough and brush to coat well.
  • Bake 45-55 minutes until cooked through.
  • Serve with honey butter with your favorite soup.

NOTE: Spray your spoon with non-stick cooking spray before stirring to prevent sticking.

You can alter the flavor by adding a teaspoon of apple pie or pumpkin pie spice.

BLACK PEPPER BUTTERMILK BISCUITS & GARLIC CHEDDAR BUTTER

BLACK PEPPER BUTTERMILK BISCUITS & GARLIC CHEDDAR BUTTER yields 6 biscuits
2 cups flour
2 teaspoons FRESH ground black pepper
1 teaspoon FRESH ground sea salt
1 tablespoon baking powder
8 + 2 tablespoons COLD butter, diced
1 cup FULL fat buttermilk
1/2 cup gruyere, shredded (optional)
Coarse flavored salt (optional)

  • Preheat oven to 400°.
  • Sift together the flour, salt, pepper and baking powder.
  • Cut 8 tablespoons of diced butter and cheese if using into the flour mixture until it’s the size of peas.
  • Add the buttermilk, mixing until dough comes together. DO NOT OVER MIX or you will have tough biscuits. If dough is too dry add more buttermilk 1 tablespoon at a time.
  • Turn out onto a lightly floured board and arrange dough into a rectangle about 1 1/2 inches thick.
  • Cut biscuits and arrange on baking sheet.
  • Melt remaining butter and brush dough before and after baking.
  • Sprinkle with flavored salt if using.
  • Bake until puffed and golden, 12-15 minutes.

GARLIC CHEDDAR BUTTER
1 1/2 cups shredded cheddar cheese (I used FACE ROCK mixed milk cheese)
3 tablespoons FRESH parsley, chopped
1 cup butter, room temperature
2 cloves garlic, FINELY minced
pinch of FRESH ground sea salt and black pepper

  • Mix everything all together by hand.
  • Once butter is well combined, transfer to serving dish and refrigerate until needed.

TUSCAN CHICKEN VEGGIE STEW with CHEESY SCALLION SODA BREAD

TUSCAN CHICKEN VEGGIE STEW with CHEESY SCALLION SODA BREAD

TUSCAN CHICKEN VEGGIE STEW
1 red onion, chopped small
4-6 cloves garlic, FINELY minced
1/4-1/2 teaspoon crushed red pepper
1/2 teaspoon FRESH ground black pepper
1/4 cup avocado oil
3 celery heart ribs, FINELY diced
2 carrots, FINELY diced
1 red bell pepper, chopped small
2 tablespoons QUALITY tomato paste
FRESH ground sea salt and black pepper, to taste
1 bunch Italian flat leaf parsley, chopped
2 tablespoons FRESH chopped thyme leaves
2 tablespoons FRESH chopped rosemary leaves (optional)
4 cups chicken stock**
4 cups diced rotisserie chicken pieces
1-2 cans cannellini beans, drained WELL
1 can stewed tomatoes
1 cup Arborio rice

  • Heat avocado oil over medium heat in a large cast iron saute pan or enamel covered cast iron.
  • Add onions, red pepper, garlic and black pepper and stir 2-3 minutes.
  • Add celery, carrots, bell pepper and tomato paste.
  • Season generously and saute 4-5 minutes.
  • Add herbs, stock tomatoes and cannellini beans.
  • Simmer at least 45 minutes to an hour. It tastes better the longer it simmers. 🙂
  • 45 minutes before serving add chicken pieces and rice, stirring to combine.
  • Simmer until rice is tender.

**NOTES:

  • I like to use homemade chicken tomato bone broth from the end of the garden season.
  • Because it tastes so much better the longer it simmers, it makes a WONDERFUL slow cooker dish.

CHEESY SCALLION SODA BREAD
3 1/2 cups all purpose flour
1 teaspoon FRESH ground black pepper
1 teaspoon baking soda
1 tablespoon baking powder
1 teaspoon FRESH ground sea salt
1/2 cup + 2 tablespoons butter, softened
1 cup shredded sharp cheddar cheese
1/2 cup shredded Parmesan cheese
1 large bunch green onions, halved and sliced thin
1 cup heavy cream
1/4-1/3 WHOLE milk, depending on consistency
1 LARGE egg

  • Preheat oven to 350°.
  • Sift together the dry ingredients.
  • Cut in softened butter.
  • Add cheeses and mix until crumbly.
  • Add onion pieces and mix until well distributed.
  • Whisk egg into whole milk and heavy cream.
  • Add wet ingredients to the dry ingredients, mixing dough just until it comes together.
  • Form into a LARGE round or 4 small rounds.
  • Transfer to baking sheet lined with a SILPAT.
  • Slice an X into the tops for venting.
  • Bake 1 hour.
  • Let cool 15-30 minutes before serving. The centers will continue baking during the cooling time.

NOTE:

  • If making into smaller rounds or roll size, adjust the baking time accordingly. For 4 rounds I bake 45 minutes. For 8 rolls I bake 25-30 minutes.

This meal is a

BLUEBERRY LEMON or LIME CURD MUFFINS

BLUEBERRY LEMON or LIME CURD MUFFINS – yields 1 dozen muffins
This recipe is adapted from Kelsey Siemens – The Farmer’s Daughter Bakes

CRUMB TOPPING
1/4 cup packed brown sugar
2 tablespoons granulated sugar
2/3 cup all-purpose flour
1 teaspoon QUALITY ground cinnamon
1/4 cup melted butter
1/2 cup SMALL pecan pieces
pinch of salt

  • In a medium bowl, stir together brown sugar, granulated sugar, pecans, flour, cinnamon, melted butter and salt, mixing with your hands until well combined.
    The mixture will form crumbs as you squeeze it in your hands, and you can control the size of the chunks.
  • Place the mixture in the fridge until ready to use.

MUFFINS
1/2 cup packed brown sugar
1/4 cup granulated sugar
1/2 cup unsalted butter, softened
2 LARGE eggs
3/4 cup PLAIN Greek yogurt
2 teaspoons PURE vanilla extract
2 cups all-purpose flour
1 tablespoon baking powder
3/4 tsp salt
1 cup FRESH or frozen blueberries
1 cup lemon or lime curd, store bought is just fine 😀

  • Preheat oven to 400°.
  • Grease two muffin tins and set aside.
  • In the bowl of a stand mixer cream together brown sugar, granulated sugar and softened butter on high for two to three minutes, or until light and fluffy.
  • Add in eggs on medium-low speed, one at a time, until well mixed.
  • Mix in yogurt and vanilla extract on low, scraping down sides with a spatula as you go. Set aside.
  • In a medium bowl, whisk together the flour, baking powder and salt.
  • Gradually add this to the wet mixture, mixing on low, until mostly incorporated with only a few streaks of flour remaining.
  • Use a spatula to scrape down the sides, and then gently fold in the blueberries until the batter has just come together. The batter will be very thick.
  • Spoon the batter evenly into 12 cups of the prepared muffin tins.
  • Use the back of a spoon to create a small dip in the center of each muffin, and spoon about 1 tablespoon of curd into the dip.
  • Add the crumbs on top of each muffin, dividing evenly between the 12 muffins.
  • Bake for five minutes.
  • Reduce temperature to 350° and bake for 12 to 15 minutes more, or until an inserted toothpick comes out clean or with just a few moist crumbs. Do your best to avoid poking a toothpick into the curd.
  • Remove the muffins, place them on a cooling rack and allow them to cool for 5 to 10 minutes before removing from their pan.
  • Serve warm.

NOTES:

  • Using an ice cream scoop for the batter makes it easy to get evenly sized scoops.
  • Skipping every other muffin spot will get you even higher muffin tops!
  • Cranberries, apples or peaches cut into small pieces make wonderful seasonal substitutions.

GRANDMA WARE’S SKILLET CORN BREAD

GRANDMA WARE’S SKILLET CORN BREAD
1 cup white corn meal or half white and half yellow
1 heaping teaspoon flour
1 rounded teaspoon salt
2/3 cup buttermilk
1 LARGE egg
1 tablespoon bacon grease

  • Preheat oven to 350°.
  • Whisk together the dry ingredients in mixing bowl.
  • Whisk egg and buttermilk together.
  • Fold wet ingredients into dry ingredients JUST until belnded.
  • Grease cast iron skillet with bacon grease.
  • Pour batter into skillet and level.
  • Bake 20-25 minutes until toothpick comes out clean.